super bacteria or bacteria that are resistant to the drugs is not just happening overseas. In Indonesia, the germs that are categorized multiresistance now widely found, particularly in hospitals.
Microbiology Specialists from the Department of Microbiology, University of Indonesia (UI), Prof.. Usman Chatib Warsa, Sp.MK, Ph.D., states 'superbug' bacteria containing genes such as NDM-1 (New Delhi, Metallo-beta-lactamase-1) is also commonly found in Indonesia. In fact, the number of bacterial multiresistance was more than one species and a threat to society.
"These bugs like this already in our hospital. The data is not too different from foreign countries. In Indonesia, this multiresistance of bacteria that comes from groups such as gram positive and gram-negative Staphylococcus, such as E. Coli and Klebsiella. Approximately there are about five species of bacteria, "said Usman, who was contacted by Kompas.com, Thursday (12/08/2010).
Usman explained, super bacteria in Indonesia has several different genes. This type of gene causes resistance genes among which are owned by the MEC-A gene of Staphylococcus or betalactamase like NDM-one. These genes can be spread by germs in the body in many ways, so that they become resistant to the drug.
The emergence of multiresistance germs need to be addressed seriously because it would cause a heavy burden for society. "In the future, treatment will be even tougher. This is what we feared, because of course the patient will require newer drugs are more expensive," he said.
Usman added that due to infection 'superbug' in Indonesia caused high mortality rates, especially for patients in hospitals. "Deaths from infectious germs found in relatively high mulitiresisten in specific places such as hospital intensive care unit," added Usman.
Super bacteria are a threat to their power as weak as his patients postoperatively. The spread of a superbug is very easy going through a lot of ways. "Like when the patient's condition is weak, because there are open sores, or any other medical measures such as intravenous or actions of other doctors who are not sterile," says Usman.